iKSV report featured on BBC World News Oct. 17, 2018


BBC World News Presenter 0:00
The increase in refugee and migrant populations around the world has given rise to anti migrant sentiments and questions over how we can all live together. Well, could part of the answer be as simple as investing in the arts? In a report compiled by the Istanbul foundation for Culture and Arts in Turkey, which itself is housing millions of Syrian refugees believes it might. One of its authors is Feyzi Baban. He joined me earlier from Istanbul.

Feyzi Baban 0:28
Myself, my colleague Kim Rygiel, we’ve been conducting this research in various European countries to look at the different citizens initiatives to use arts and culture to bring newcomers into local communities and break the boundaries between local populations and the newcomers. There are actually quite alot of interesting cases all around Europe, from Denmark to Germany and Turkey included, where local populations and refugees actually come together on various projects at different cities and neighbourhoods, to understand each other much better.

BBC World News Presenter 1:05
And tell us a little bit about these projects. Because we know art encompasses a lot of different things that painting etc. So what activities particularly work?

Feyzi Baban 1:15
I’ll give you some examples by for instance, in Denmark, which the Copenhagen municipales port it’s called 100% foreign a Danish artists in cooperation with the refugees that they had big over hundreds, big billboards around the city, where the refugees and their stories were juxtaposed all over the city. It allowed the locals of Copenhagen to constantly see these refugees and learn their experience the museum’s of Germany, for instance, they regularly incorporate refugee experiences. In one project for instance, in Berlin, it’s called multicar allows refugees to act as museum guides, where the refugees actually reinterpret the museum artefacts and the story is in the perspective of refugees.

BBC World News Presenter 2:07
It is interesting you talk about these experiences in museums in Germany, but we have seen in in places like Germany, particularly anti migrant campaigns marches in the streets. So how do you use art to work against something like that this very extremist thought?

Feyzi Baban 2:23
I think what happens is that in most cases, that the people they have these anti refugee sentiments when they don’t know anything about the refugees, their stories, that they come from this the arts actually bring out the refugees as who they are, and breaks down this bond without seeing the refugees is one big, abstract group of people, all of a sudden you actually start seeing them as individuals with their stories. I mean, obviously, not everybody’s going to, you know, go in that direction. But I think what the specific projects does that it helps people to understand who the refugees are.

Fostering Pluralism through Solidarity Activism in Europe: Everyday Encounters with Newcomers

Editors Feyzi Baban  and Kim Rygiel bring together academics, artists and members of civil society organizations in a collection titled Fostering Pluralism through Solidarity Activism in Europe: Everyday Encounters with Newcomers (Palgrave Macmillan. 2020) to engage in a discussion about the ideas of living with others, through concepts such as cosmopolitanism, solidarity, and conviviality, and the practices of doing so.  

In recent years, right wing and populist movements have emerged and strengthened across Europe and North America, rejecting the value of cultural, ethnic and religious plurality. Governments in Europe and North America are weakening their commitment to the international refugee regime, erecting new barriers to entry. Even as governments fail to accommodate growing pluralism, however, civil society initiatives have emerged with the aim of welcoming newcomers, such as migrants and refugees, and finding alternative ways of living together in diverse societies. Motivated by a desire to show solidarity, these initiatives demonstrate enormous creativity in fostering pluralism in an environment that has largely become hostile to the arrival of newcomers.

The contributions gathered here seek to explore such initiatives and the important work that they do in fostering ways of living together with others from diverse cultural and religious backgrounds. In focusing conceptually and empirically on discussions and examples of civil society initiatives, this book interrogates why, how and under what circumstances are some communities more welcoming than others.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Living with Others: Opening Communities to Newcomers Feyzi Baban, Kim Rygiel Pages 3-29

The Politics and Art of Solidarity: The Case of Trampoline House in Copenhagen Birte Siim, Susi Meret Pages 31-58

The Unintended Effects of Conviviality: How Welcome Initiatives in Germany Push Back Hostility Toward Refugees Ulrike Hamann Pages 59-80

Building Solidarity Cities: From Protest to Policy Stefanie Kron, Henrik Lebuhn Pages 81-105

State, Civil Society, and Syrians in Turkey Hande Paker, E. Fuat Keyman Pages 107-132

Part II

Stitching IMMART: Overcoming the Challenge of Inclusion Without Exclusion Through the Arts Nicol Savinetti, Sez Kristiansen, Sacramento Roselló Martínez Pages 135-159

‘I Have Never Met a Refugee’: KUNSTASYL—Creating Face-to-Face Encounters Using Performative Art barbara caveng, Dachil Sado Pages 161-188

Facilitating Cross-Cultural Dialogue Through Film, Art and Culture: Searching Traces and the Mahalla Festival Sabine Küper-Büsch, Thomas Büsch Pages 189-216

Connecting Through Cooking: Kitchen Hubs as Spaces for Bringing Local Community and Newcomers Together Noor Edres Pages 217-241

Kırkayak Kültür: Facilitating Living Together Kemal Vural Tarlan Pages 243-263

Conclusion Feyzi Baban, Kim Rygiel Pages 265-272

Welcoming Diversity: The Role of Local and Civil Society Initiatives in Integrating Newcomers

by Feyzi Baban, Fuat Kyman, Hane Paker, and Kim Rygiel, 2018.

The question of how to live together with newcomers has become a policy issue of utmost concern.

Issue 14 of the International Migration Research Centre’s Policy Points Series: Welcoming Diversity: The Role of Local and Civil Society Initiatives in Integrating Newcomers

In a global context marked by growing international forced displacement and migration, societies are becoming increasingly more diverse. The question of how to live together with newcomers has become a policy issue of utmost concern. While populist governments in Europe and in the United States are failing to offer citizens and newcomers alternative models for living together that encourage greater ethnic, cultural and religious plurality, in this report we highlight the contributions and lessons drawn from local and civil-society initiatives that have been successful in bringing hosts and newcomers together. By analysing initiatives in Riace, Italy, Gaziantep, Turkey, and Berlin, Germany, we highlight the importance of a three-pronged approached to integration that combines governmental leadership, solid integration policies, and civil-society and locally-based initiatives that allow for personal interchanges between newcomers and hosts.

Citizenship, Migrant Activism and the Politics of Movement

Edited By Peter Nyers, Kim Rygiel

The book focuses the debate of migration, security, and mobility rights onto grassroots politics and social movements, making an important intervention into the fields of migration studies and critical citizenship studies.

Citizenship, Migrant Activism and the Politics of Movement analyses recent shifts in governing global mobility from the perspective of the politics of citizenship. It investigates how restrictions on mobility are not only generating new forms of inequality and social exclusion, but also new forms of political activism and citizenship identities. In this context the book focuses the debate of migration, security, and mobility rights onto grassroots politics and social movements.

Migration is an inescapable issue in the public debates and political agendas of Western countries, with refugees and migrants increasingly viewed through the lens of security. This book analyses recent shifts in governing global mobility from the perspective of the politics of citizenship, utilising an interdisciplinary approach that employs politics, sociology, anthropology, and history.

Featuring an international group of leading and emerging researchers working on the intersection of migrant politics and citizenship studies, this book investigates how restrictions on mobility are not only generating new forms of inequality and social exclusion, but also new forms of political activism and citizenship identities. The chapters present and discuss the perspectives, experiences, knowledge and voices of migrants and migrant rights activists in order to better understand the specific strategies, tactics, and knowledge that politicized non-citizen migrant groups produce in their encounters with border controls and security technologies.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Citizenship, Migrant Activism, and the Politics of Movement Peter Nyers and Kim Rygiel 

1. Securitized migrants and postcolonial (in)difference: The politics of activisms among North African migrants in France Alina Sajed 

2: Claiming Rights, Asserting Belonging: Contesting Citizenship in the UK Ruth Grove-White 

3. Ungrateful Subjects? Refugee protests and the logic of gratitude Carolina Moulin 

4. “We are All Foreigners”: No Borders as a practical political project Bridget Anderson, Nandita Sharma and Cynthia Wright  

5. Ethnography and Human Rights: The Experience of APDHA with Nigerian Sex Workers in Andalucía Estefanía Acién González  

6. Moments of Solidarity, Migrant Activism and (Non)Citizens at Global Borders: Political Agency at Tanzanian refugee camps, Australian detention centres and European borders Heather Johnson  

7. Building a Sanctuary City: Municipal Migrant Rights in the City of Toronto Jean McDonald 

8. Taking not waiting: Space, temporality and politics in the City of Sanctuary movement Vicki Squire and Jennifer Bagelman 

9: Undocumented Citizens? Shifting grounds of citizenship in Los Angeles Anne McNevin

Cosmopolitanism from the Margins: Redefining the Idea of Europe through Postcoloniality” in Postcolonial Transitions in Europe

Baban, F. “Cosmopolitanism from the Margins: Redefining the Idea of Europe through Postcoloniality” in Postcolonial Transitions in Europe. ed. by Sandra Ponzanesi and Gianmaria Colpani ( 2016)

Is the notion of postcolonial Europe an oxymoron? How do colonial pasts inform the emergence of new subjectivities and political frontiers in contemporary Europe? Postcolonial Transitions in Europe explores these questions from different theoretical, geopolitical and media perspectives.

Drawing from the interdisciplinary tools of postcolonial critique, this book contests the idea that Europe developed within clear-cut geographical boundaries. It examines how experiences of colonialism and imperialism continue to be constitutive of the European space and of the very idea of Europe. By approaching Europe as a complex political space, the chapters investigate topical concerns around its politics of inclusion and exclusion towards migrants, asylum seekers and refugees, as well as its take on internal conflicts, transitions and cosmopolitan imaginaries.

Table of Contents

Part I: Postcolonial Europe and its Discontents 

1. European Racial Triangulation, Anca Parvulescu / 2. EU Migration Policy Towards Africa: Demographic Logics and Colonial Legacies, Peo Hansen and Stefan Jonsson / 3. The Homeless, the Lawyer, and the Cardboard Sign: Charity in Contemporary Europe, Mireille Rosello / 4. Specters of Colonialism: The Anglo–Irish Conflict, Space, and the Body in Steve McQueen’s Hunger (2008), Sarah Fekadu–Uthoff /

Part II: Postcolonial Times: Memory and Transition 

5. Hidden Memories: October 17, 1961, Charlie Hebdo, and Postcolonial Forgetting, Christine Quinan / 6. Under the Western Gaze: Sexuality and Postsocialist “Transition” in East Europe, Rasa Navickaitė / 7. Resentment at the Heart of Europe: Narratives by Afro–Surinamese Postcolonial Migrant Women in the Netherlands, Sabrina Marchetti / 

Part III: Postcolonial Spaces: Un/Doing Borders 

8. Postcolonial Citizenships and the “Refugeeization” of the Workforce: Migrant Agricultural Labor in the Italian Mezzogiorno, Nick Dines and Enrica Rigo / 9. Convivial Crossings in the European South: New Italian Representations, Annalisa Oboe / 10.Import Export — Explorations of Precarity in European Migratory Culture, Brigitte Hipfl / 11.“The Other Within”: Challenging Borders from the European Periphery, Milica Trakilović / 

Part IV: Postcolonial Mediations 

12. Reading The Herald Today: Postcolonial Notes on Journalism and Citizen Media, Bolette B. Blaagaard / 13. Social Media as Contact Zones: Young Londoners Remapping the Metropolis through Digital Media, Koen Leurs / 14. Digital Religion: Rethinking Multicultural Identities through Muslim Women’s Online Practices, Eva Midden / 15. Libidinal Cosmopolitanism: The Case of Digital Sexual Encounters in Post–Enlargement Europe, Nicholas Boston / 

Part V: Postcolonial Europe and Beyond: Cosmopolitan Reflections 

16. The Cosmopolitan Media Cultures of Europe, Anikó Imre / 17. Europe, Cosmopolitanism, and the Postcolonial Biennial, Monica Sassatelli / 18. Cosmopolitanism, Emplacement, and Identity in Recent Postcolonial Literature in German, Dirk Göttsche / 19. Cosmopolitanism from the Margins: Redefining the Idea of Europe through Postcoloniality, Feyzi Baban


Mobile Citizens, Risky Subjects: Security Knowledge at the Border

Rygiel, K Mobile Citizens, Risky Subjects: Security Knowledge at the Border, in: S. Ilcan (ed.), Mobilities, Knowledge and Social Justice, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013, pp. 152-177.

Throughout major airports across the United States, Canada, and countries in Europe, plans are under way for installing full-body scanners in response to the failed attempt by Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab to blow up an airplane travelling from Amsterdam to Detroit on Christmas Day 2009. Despite concerns from privacy groups and security experts that scanners will not enhance security, these nations are investing in this latest technological border control (Stone 2009). Canada will pay as much as $11 million for 44 scanners (Maccharles 2010a), while some forty scanners have already gone into 19 U.S. airports, with plans to increase the number…

The mobility of people, objects, information, ideas, services, and capital has reached levels unprecedented in human history. Such forms of mobility are manifested in continued advances in communication and transportation capacities, in the growing use of digital and biometric technologies, in the movements of Indigenous, migrant, and women’s groups, and in the expansion of global capitalism into remote parts of the world. Mobilities, Knowledge, and Social Justice demonstrates how knowledge is mobilized and how people shape, and are shaped by, matters of mobility. Richly detailed and illuminating essays reveal the ways in which issues of mobility are at the centre of debates, ranging from practices of belonging to war and border security measures, from gender, race, and class matters to governance and international trade, and from citizenship and immigration policies to human rights. Contributors analyze how particular forms of mobility generate specific types of knowledge and give rise to claims for social justice. This collection reconsiders mobility as a key term in the social sciences and humanities by delineating new ways of understanding how mobility informs and shapes lives as well as social, cultural, and political relations within, across, and beyond states.

Table of Contents

Part One: Frames of Belonging
1 Contending Frames of ‘Security’ and ‘Citizenship’: Lebanese Dual Nationals during the 2006 Lebanon War 25
Daiva Stasiulis
2 Knowledge, Gender, and Changing Mobility Regimes: Women Migrants in Europe 59
Eleonore Kofman and Parvati Raghuram
3 Mundane Cosmopolitanism, Mobility, and Social Justice: A Neo- Durkheimian Approach 76
Ronjon Paul Datta
4 Integrating High-Tech Immigrants and Temporary Workers in Canada’s New Economy: Structural Limitations to Mobilities 103
Lloyd Wong and Karl Froschauer

Part Two: Governance and Expertise
5 Mobility Regimes: The Short Life and Times of North America’s Security and Prosperity Partnership 131
Janine Brodie
6 Mobile Citizens, Risky Subjects: Security Knowledge at the Border 152
Kim Rygiel
7 Paradoxes of Humanitarian Aid: Mobile Populations, Biopolitical Knowledge, and Acts of Social Justice in Osire Refugee Camp 177
Suzan Ilcan
8 Payday Loans: Assembling the Immobile Subject of Fringe Credit 207
Rob Aitken
9 Geographical Indications, Mobility, and Identity 227
Daniel Gorman

Part Three: Counter-Movements
10 Justice for Migrants: Mobilizing a Rights-Based Understanding of Migration 255
Tanya Basok and Nicola Piper
11 Critical Mass, Global Mobilities, and the Haudenosaunee: Struggles for Cultural Autonomy 277
William D. Coleman and Theresa McCarthy
12 International Copyright Law, Access to Knowledge, and Social Justice 300
Myra Tawfik
13 ICTs as a Catalyst for Social Justice? A Capabilities Perspective 320
Daniel J. Paré and Sandra Smeltzer
14 Mobilizing for Development: Promises, Perils, and Policy Implications of M4D 340
Leslie Regan Shade
15 Symbolic Knowledge Mobilities and Biopolitical Governmentalities of Resistance of Solomon Islands’ Pipol Fastaem 361
Anita Lacey
16 Mobility, Human Rights Activism, and International Intervention in Darfur 377
Amanda Grzyb

(En)Gendering the War on Terror: War Stories and Camouflaged Politics

Authored by Kim Rygiel, Krista Hunt editor

This book examines the official war stories being told to the international community about why and against whom the war on terror is being waged. The book will benefit students, scholars and practitioners in the areas of international relations, women’s studies and cultural studies.

The war on terror has been raging for many years now, and subsequently there is a growing body of literature examining the development, motivation and effects of this US-led aggression. Virtually absent from these accounts is an examination of the central role that gender, race, class and sexuality play in the war on terror. This lack of attention reflects a continued resistance by analysts to acknowledge and engage identity-related social issues as central elements within global politics.

As this conflict spreads and deepens, it is more important than ever to examine how diverse international actors are using the war on terror as an opportunity to reinforce existing gendered, raced, classed and sexualized inter/national relations.

Table of Contents

Foreword, Cynthia Enloe; Series Editors’ Preface, Pauline Gardiner Barber, Jane Parapart and Marianne Marchand;

(En)gendered war stories and camouflaged politics, Krista Hunt and Kim Rygiel.

Part I A War for/on Women’s Rights

Post-9/11 Rescue Narratives: Between orientalism and fundamentalism: Muslim women and feminist engagement, Jasmin Zine;

‘Embedded Feminism’ and the war on terror, Krista Hunt;

Benevolent invaders, heroic victims and depraved villains: white femininity in media coverage of the invasion of Iraq, Melisa Brittain;

Rescue in the age of Empire: children, masculinity, and the war on terror, Catherine V. Scott.

Part II A War on/of Terror

The Politics Of Control: White nationalism, illegality and imperialism: border controls as ideology, Nandita Sharma;

Protecting and proving identity: the biopolitics of waging war through citizenship in the post-9/11 era, Kim Rygiel;

The headscarf debate: Muslim women in Europe and the ‘War on Terror’, Jane Freedman;

Is ‘W’ for women?, Zillah Eisenstein;

Globalizing Citizenship

by Kim Rygiel

This book will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, political science, globalization, citizenship, sociology, and law and anyone who wants to understand the implications of post-9/11 border controls and travel policies.

Since 9/11, national governments in the global North have struggled to govern populations and manage cross-border traffic without building new barriers to trade. What does citizenship mean in an era of heightened tension between global capitalism and the nation-state? Building on Foucault’s concept of biopolitics and an examination of national border and detention policies, Rygiel’s book Globalizing Citizenship argues that citizenship is becoming a globalizing regime to govern mobility. The new regime is deepening boundaries based on race, class, and gender, and causing Western nations to embrace a more technocratic, depoliticized understanding of citizenship.

The events of 9/11 and its aftermath exposed and enhanced tensions between the global capitalist system and the territorial nation-state. Governments and policy-makers more than ever struggle to govern populations and manage cross-border traffic without building new barriers to trade and commerce. What does citizenship mean in an era of heightened globalization and enhanced security? Is it in crisis?

In Globalizing Citizenship, Kim Rygiel explores these questions by examining border and detention policies in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia as part of a larger politics of citizenship, one that preceded 9/11. Building on Foucault’s concept of biopolitics, she argues that citizenship is becoming a globalizing regime to govern mobility and access to rights and resources as nations in the global North harmonize border and detention policies, outsource state functions and power to international organizations and private companies, and rely on technologies to discipline the individual biological body.

This theoretically sophisticated and empirically grounded study of border controls and detention practices reveals that the new mobility regime is not only deepening boundaries based on race, class, and gender, it is causing Western nations to embrace a more technocratic, depoliticized understanding of citizenship.


  • 2011, Joint winner – ENMISA Distinguished Book Award, International Studies Association
  • 2011, Short-listed – International Prize, Canadian Political Science Association